Amstelveen is a city located in the province of North Holland (NL) south of Amsterdam. The surface area is 44.08 km², of which a water surface of 2.30 km². The land consists of peat and sea clay. See the history of Amstelveen over the peatlands. Please see 'The history of Amstelveen' in Dutch.
Residents, Households and Nationalities
In Amstelveen slightly more women than men live and the average age of all inhabitants is 41 (nationwide: 42 years). This means that in 2020 the inhabitants will be of a younger age than previous years, as more young families have come to live there. Westwijk is the district with the most children and the district Groenelaan is home to the most elderly people. On 1 January 2020, Amstelveen had 91,694 inhabitants. Of these, the largest group, 16,095 = 38% live alone. More than 211,546 = 8% of households consist of a family with children, slightly more than a family without children 24% = 10,234. The percentage of single-parent families is 7% = 2,945 persons and has remained stable in recent years.
There are 138 different nationalities living in Amstelveen, i.e. 18,842 people of non-Dutch nationality, which is 21% of the total Amstelveen population. Of the more than 89,000 people living in Amstelveen, 14,995 are non-Dutch (17%). The two largest groups of non-Dutch people come from India (5,090) and Japan (1,721).
On 1 January 2020, there were 8,671 inhabitants aged 75 years or older. In 2019, 806 children were born and 788 people died, so that's a reasonable balance. The population of Amstelveen is not growing as fast as previous years, slightly more people are settling there than are leaving. More than 11,000 people settled in Amstelveen of which about 6,000 came from another place in the Netherlands and more than 5,000 came from abroad.
Living and Housing
It is not easy to find an (affordable) house in Amstelveen, but it is still being built. Of the houses 80% was built after 1960 and 30% after 1990. Of the total of 41,908 homes, 45% are for sale, 31% for corporate rent and 24% for private rent. The housing stock consists of 49% single-family houses (31% owner-occupied - 18% rental) and 51% multi-family houses (13% owner-occupied - 38% rental). It is estimated that around 2,500 homes will be built by 2023, more than half of which will be on the outskirts of the Westwijk - De Scheg district.
Districts and Neighbourhood-Districts
Since 1 January 2005 Amstelveen consists of 20 districts and in 2017 this is still the case. The district and neighbourhood layout will change from 1 January 2018. Many neighbourhoods are merged and new neighbourhoods are appointed, resulting in 14 districts and 47 neighbourhoods. In 2015 Westwijk-Oost with 8.531 inhabitants was the largest district of Amstelveen. This was followed by Middenhoven with 7.085 inhabitants, Groenelaan with 7.260 residents and Waardhuizen had 6.027 inhabitants. How the number is in 2017 is not known.
The district layout in 2018 will be as follows:
- DISTRICT 1 Randwijck: NH 1: Randwijck West - NH 2: Randwijck Oost
- DISTRICT 2 Patrimonium: NH 1: Oranjebuurt - NH 2: Patrimonium
- DISTRICT 3 Elsrijk: NH 1: Elsrijk-West - NH 2: Kruiskerkbuurt
NH 3: Vredeveldbuurt - NH 4: Elsrijk Oost
- DISTRICT 4 Stadshart: NH 1: Stadshart
- DISTRICT 5 Uilenstede-Kronenburg: NH 1: Uilenstede - NH 2: Kronenburg
- DISTRICT 6 Bankras-Kostverloren: NH 1: Heldenbuurt - NH 2: Zeestratenbuurt
NH 3: Boekenbuurt, - NH 4: Operabuurt
- DISTRICT 7 Buitengebied Noord: NH 1: Middelpolder - NH 2: Buurt over Ouderkerk
- DISTRICT 8 Keizer Karelpark: NH 1: Oude Dorp - NH 2: Kastanjebuurt
NH 3: Van der Leekbuurt - NH 4: Populierenbuurt
NH 5: Augustinuspark - NH 6: Startbaanbuurt
- DISTRICT 9 Groenelaan: NH 1: Langerhuize - NH 2: Alpen Rondwegbuurt
NH 3: In de Wolkenbuurt - NH 4: Watercirkelbuurt - NH 5: Kringloopbuurt
- DISTRICT 10 Waardhuizen-Middenhoven: NH 1: Beroepenbuurt - NH 2: Hemellichamenbuurt
NH 3: Punterbuurt - NH 4: Molenbuurt - NH 5: Galjoenbuurt
- DISTRICT 11 Bovenkerk-Westwijk-Noord: NH 1: Bovenkerk - NH 2: Buitenplaatsenbuurt
NH 3: Betsy Perkbuurt - NH 4: Legmeer
NH 5: Landschappenbuurt - NH 6: Theaterbuurt
- DISTRICT 12 Westwijk Zuid: NH 1: Kastelenbuurt - NH 2: Schrijversbuurt
Buurt 3: Kruidenbuurt - Buurt 4: De Scheg
- DISTRICT 13 Buitengebied Zuid: NH 1: Nes aan de Amstel - NH 2: Legmeerpolder
- DISTRICT 14 Amsterdamse Bos: NH 1: Amsterdamse Bos Noord - NH 2: Amsterdamse Bos Zuid
Income and Work
In Amstelveen, the average of 42,000 euros to spend, by far over the national average ( 36.000). The highest disposable incomes of households are located in Buitengebied Noord and Elsrijk-West. Kronenburg / Uilenstede is the only district where the average household income is far below the national average, but that is a student district, a campus. For people who cannot work or need support, there are social insurance policies.
The UWV (Institute for Employee Insurance) reports that 1.541 people will receive unemployment payment in Amstelveen in March 2018. This means that the municipality is below the national average with a percentage of 3.4 percent. The figures also show that the percentage of unemployed in Amstelveen decreased by 14 percent compared to March 2017.
In 2016, 46.000 residents of Amstelveen made up the working population, this means at least 12 hours or more per week who performs work or who is prepared to perform work. This number also includes the number of unemployed. How much that is in Amstelveen is unclear.
The location of Amstelveen is very favorable between Schiphol, Amsterdam and the flower auction. As a result, many (inter) national companies have settled in Amstelveen. Many of the companies based in Amstelveen are part of international networks, such as Nestl and Huawai.
Amstelveen has many small and medium-sized companies with Amstelveen roots, many one-man businesses / self-employed entrepreneurs and the commercial services are very large.
Traffic and transport
As a result of easy access and excellent connections to Amsterdam, other business areas and international destinations in the area, Amstelveen is an attractive city for both living and working.
Amstelveners have 38.901 passenger cars, 1.649 Delivery vans, 90 trucks, 7 busses and even 2.152 motorbykes, so in total 42.799 vehicles were in use in 2016.
Amstelveen is situated just a few kilometres distance from Schiphol Airport. The total number of aircraft movements of trade and other traffic via Airport Amsterdam Schiphol came to 497.000 in 2016, with a total of almost 479.000 aircraftmovements. All these numbers will only increase in the coming years.
In Amstelveen are spread across the neighbourhoods various elementary schools: 7 state-run, 6 Protestant, 4 Roman Catholic and 2 special unaffiliated schools. In addition there are 2 schools for special education and 5 primary schools privately funded.
Concentrated in the Keizer Karelpark and Bankras district, there are 4 secondary schools with a total of more than 5.700 pupils. The number of students in secondary education has steadily increased for years. The number of pupils in the school year 2016-2017 was more than 7.000 in primary school and almost 5.700 pupils in secondary education.
The ISA (International School of Amsterdam) provides education for pupils between the ages of 3 to 18 years (from kindergarten to the GCSE) and has a total of 1.411 students: 737 in elementary and 674 in secondary school. There are students from 54 different countries. The largest groups of students come from the United States, the Netherlands, the UK, Japan and India.
In Amstelveen, childrens daycare is provided in 171 childcare centers, where the number of places is 4.000. Since 2012, one or more of the playgroups have been taken over by childcare providers.
Public order and Safety
Amstelveen is still number 1 of the 50 largest cities in the Netherlands, when it comes to safety. The total number of offenses has decreased in 2016 and also the number of home burglaries from 369 to 290. The number of reports of theft of mopeds and motor-bicycles has increased. Regularly a house where weed was grown is closed.
The Cultural Theatre, the Puppet theatre and Pop podium P60 offer a wide variety of performing arts for both young and old people. The number of visitors is still fluctuating, depending on the seasonal supply.
Performing art shows and spectators in Amstelveen in 2016:
Cultural Theatre Amstelveen 71.922 spectators
Cinema Amstelveen 27.135 spectators
Puppet Theatre Amstelveen 3.185 spectators
Poppodium P60 27.322 spectators
In addition to performing arts, various institutions are also active in the cultural sphere, such as the Museum Jan van der Togt, Library, Music and Dance school and the Cobra Museum. The key figures show that the institutions are frequently visited and their facilities are broadly used.
There are many artworks throughout Amstelveen. It is worthwhile to visit them on a cycling or walking tour. They are both classic and modern, big and small, everywhere they can be found.
Public Health, Care and Welfare
For people who are not able to live independently, there are various forms of assisted living opportunities in Amstelveen, ranging from a room in an institution to an independent unit with assistance. In recent years the number of care places has been expanded by new construction, with small scale being the trend. There are various nursing homes, family homes / sheltered homes and other special living areas. The new Social Support Act (WMO 2015) ensures that older people and people with reduced mobility can stay longer independently. The municipality arranges among other things, assistance with households, housing adjustments or utilities. In addition, the municipality is responsible for various forms of care and support, such as guidance and day-planning (previously called day-care).
Care institution: 5 houses with a capacity of 457
Nursing homes: 6 homes with a capicity of 399
Assisted Living homes: 5 homes with a capacity of 113
The number of medical practices is in Amstelveen on average. There are 30 GPs, 33 dentists, 12 pharmacies, 50 physical therapists and 3 midwives working in the city. For specialist care there is Amstelland Hospital and there are also two academic hospitals (AMC and VU).
Sport and Recreation
Amstelveen has a large and varied range of sports facilities. The majority of the 250 sports facilities are formed by the sports facilities: football, hockey, tennis, korfball, baseball and softball, athletics, rugby and a cricket. There is also swimming pool De Meerkamp with various indoor and outdoor pools, a bicycle training track and a 9-hole golf course. These sport facilities are used by about 80 sports clubs in Amstelveen and by many private individuals.
In addition to sports facilities, Amstelveen also has a large amount of play and game facilities.
Environment and Green topics
Amstelveen is a green city in a highly urbanized area. Many land is still used in agriculture, but the number of acres of agriculture is steadily decreasing. The amount of built-up and semi-cultivated land is 29% of the total area and that share shows a continuous increase. 2016 was a very warm year, with an average temperature of 10.9 & ordm; C, not particularly high
In Amstelveen there are many natural parks, such as the Bovenkerkerpolder, De Braak, Broersepark, Elsenhove Speelboerderij, Jac. P. Thijssepark, Dr Koos Landwehr Park, the Meander Park, the Middelpolder, the Cherry Blossom Park and the Amstelveense Poel (lake). This lake and the Cherry Blossom Park are part of the 935 acre Amsterdam Forest (Amsterdamse Bos).
Restaurants, Hotels and Shops
The hotels are relatively small in Amstelveen. In total as many as 143 rooms with 297 beds are available. Besides the hotels there are more than 60 restaurants in Amstelveen. Many shops have been converted to eateries with all kinds of different menus: the Greek restaurant Alexandros, Argentiniun restaurant Buenos Aires, the Korean restaurant Damso, the ancient mill restaurant De Dikkert, Japanese restaurant Tanuki and a lot more. In addition Amstelveen has created a shopping center in nearly every district, with many restaurants and shops.
In the Old Village an increasing number of restaurants are opened, such as Villa Borghese - Italian, Royal Sang Kong - Chinese, Aan de Poel - with Michelinster! and a lot of other restaurants.
In the Citycentre - het Stadshart, are many restaurants around the Citysquare, such as Popov, Délifrance, New Peking Cityand Tanuki.
Along the Amstel side there are more expensive restaurants, such as Lute and Paardenburg. In Bovenkerk there are also good restaurants, amongst others Silversant where it is especially good on the terrace when the sun is shining.
Municipality of Amstelveen
In January 2013, Amstelveen has seen an official merger with the neighbouring municipality of Aalsmeer. The two organizations are now combined into a new civil service, which performs all administrative tasks for the two municipalities. In the Netherlands, this is the largest and farthest reaching cooperation between two official municipalities. Both municipalities will continue to exist independently, with their own council and their own mayor and aldermen. The number of members of a council depends on the number of inhabitants. The municipality of Amstelveen employs 936 officials.
The councilors are elected by the elected residents every four years. At the last municipal elections (March 2018), the number of persons entitled to vote was 64,737, the number of votes cast was 37,604, the number of blank votes cast 156 and the number of invalid votes 132. The turnout was 58.1%, quota 1008 20/37. The number of voters who were entitled to vote with a valid proxy certificate (in writing or via a completed voting pass) amounted to 3,557.
The result of the elections 2018
Amstelveen in all its facets
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(Source: Facts and Figures 2016-2017 Municipality of Amstelveen).